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Indian Weather

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Factors affecting Weather Changes

Factors affecting weather changes are surface wind, circulation of air in upper atmosphere and geographical location. India owns areas of varying climatic settings extending from tropic to temperate, tundra regions; Indian weather is strongly influenced by the Himalayas and the Thar desert. The weather zones may be classified into four. On detailed scales as Koppen classification this has been defined to be six in number.

Tropical

Tropical has been classified as tropical wet monsoon and tropical dry.

Tropical Wet

Persistent warm temperature above 18 degree centigrade is noted here. This weather is noted on the low lying areas beyond the Western Ghats and Assam. Lakshadeep and Andaman Nicobar Islands also have this climate. The rain fall is typically high usually above 2000 millimeters in the months of May to November. This helps to keep the forests lush green.

Tropical Dry

In the inland area of the peninsular India the weather is tropical dry. The days are hot especially so in summer. Killer heat waves have a temperature of about 50 degree centigrade. The annual rain fall is about 750 millimeters. This area is also drought prone. States of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, certain areas of Tamil Nadu etc come under this.

Subtropical

Subtropical is the usual weather in northern India. Hot summer and freezing winter are characteristic. At altitudes the temperature may fall to near zero. It rains usually in summer. The winter feels dry.

Monsoon

The temperature does not dip below 170C; heavy rain falls occur in monsoon

Tropic of Cancer

The boundary between the tropical and temperate regions pass through India. On the whole India is considered to be a tropical nation. The tall Himalayas separate India from the rest Asia's climatic influences reaching here. Millions of years ago India rammed into the Laurasian mass causing the formation of Himalayas. This prevents the cool central Asian air coming over. Coupled with the influence of the oceans, the weather remains hotter.

Alpine

At some height in Himalayas, Alpine weather is found. The foot of the hill may be subtropical.

Arid

Low rainfall with high temperature is characteristic. This is found in western parts; A large part of Rajasthan is arid.

Seasonal Cycles

Summer

Summer months in India are March, April, May and June. Sun rays fall vertically in the tropical belt. The average temperature during summer is 320 C or above. In the arid western regions it may be as high as 500 C. Hot winds are a feature in the western regions.

Monsoon

Heavy rain occur usually in the months June to September. This decides the crop economy of the nation. The monsoon wanes in September to November, may be termed post monsoon period. In south eastern areas the cool dry air that cross across Himalayas goes south carrying moisture from the Bay of Bengal that dents into the land. Precipitation occurs in Tamilnadu and Kerala. Minor precipitations are found in adjoining states as AP, Karnataka etc. This post monsoon plays an important role in economy.

Winter

In most parts of India December to February it is winter. In the north at high altitudes the temperature may go low as zero. In the sough the temperature usually remains above 150C

Fluctuation in Weather

Recently variation in the weather cycle is becoming apparent. Noxious gases as carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide; methane etc from industries or running vehicles enhances global warming. The melting ice leads to rising sea levels with undesired effects.
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