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Indian Geography

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Total area of the land is 3268090 square kilometers of land. It has 15200 km of frontier. India is the seventh largest country in the world.

Geographically India has regions of diverse weather. Snow capped mountains to hot deserts. Also rainforests, hills and the plateaux. Most of the land rests on the Indian Plate. With a coastline over 7000 kilometers the peninsular region pouts into the sea. India is flanked by the Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal.
The Deccan plateau extends to the most of the southern regions of India and the northern and Eastern India is in Fertile Gangetic Plains. Kanchenjunga is the highest peak in the undisputed peak in India. K2 is still higher; ownership of this is under dispute with Pakistan.

The Borders of India

  • North west: Pakistan
  • North : China, Bhutan and Nepal
  • East : Myanmar
  • Southwest : Arabian Sea
  • South East : Bay of Bengal
  • South : Indian Ocean North, North East and North West are the Himalayas.
  • Cape comarin is at the tip of the south.
The territorial waters are 12 nautical miles from the appropriate borders. In the south there are SriLanka, Maldives and Indonesia. India is divided into 28 states and seven union territories. Lakshadeep is part of India.

The Himalayan Regions

Wide plateaux interposed valleys are characertistic of Kashmir and Kulu. The worlds highest peaks are seen here. This forms a peculiar habitat and flora and fauna special to the region are to be seen here.

The Indo Gangetic Plains

Great stretch of alluvium in the world. The basin has been formed by the three rivers Sindu, Ganga and Brahmaputra.

The Desert Regions

Rann of Kutch to Lini riveer northward is a great stretch of desert "The Great Desert". Luni River to Jaisalmer is the little desert.

Deccan Plateau or the Peninsula

This area has been inhabited for centuries. Gangetic plain is separated form this by the mountains. Vindhya, Maikala, Ajanta and Aravalli.

Eastern and Western Ghats

Eastern and Western Ghats are on either side of the plateau. The Easter Ghats are some 600 meters high and the Western Ghats are 1000 meters high. At certain points this is as much as 2000 meters. Nilgiri Hills is the meeting point of the both of this. The Western Ghats slope into the Arabian sea . The small strip of land is Kerala with plenty of flora and fauna; Ootacamund or ootty is at the meeting point of the two Ghats.
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